Emperor of Japan

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Emperor of Japan 天皇 Tenno

History

Origin of the Throne

Origin of Japanese Emperor is unclear, most historians believe the throne was established between 3rd and 5th century. Old chronicles edited in 8th century (Kojiki 古事記, Nuhon-shoki 日本書紀) records the first emperor Emperor Jinmu ascended to the emperor in 660BC, it must be fictional. The earliest true-existence emperor is believed to be the Emperor Keitai, 26th Emperor in Old chronicles. Most of previous emperors can be fictional (there are various theories who is true-existence ruler(s) among them). The date in the list below are based on official record, we can't rely on the date until late 6th century as a true historical event.

list

no regnum
name
personal
name
father mother birth crown
prince
ascend coronation abdicate death empress consort note
1 Jinmu 神武 Fukiaezu Tamayorihime Jan 711BC 697BC 1 Jan 660BC 11 Mar 585BC Isuzuhime
2 Suizei 綏靖 Jinmu Isuzuhime 632BC 3 Jan 619BC 8 Jan 581BC 10 May 549BC Isuzuyorihime
3 Annei 安寧 Suizei Isuzuyorihime 567BC 3 Jul 549BC 6 Dec 511BC Sokonakatsuhime
4 Itoku 懿德 Annei Sokonakatsuhime 553BC 1 Jan 538BC 9 Jan 510BC 8 Sept 477BC Amatoyotsuhime
5 Kosho 孝昭 Itoku Amatoyotsuhime 506BC 12 Feb 489BC 9 Jan 475BC 5 Aug 393BC Yosotarashihime
6 Koan 孝安 Kosho Yosotarashihime 427BC 14 Jan 408BC 7 Jan 392BC 9 Jan 291BC Oshihime
7 Korei 孝靈 Koan Oshihime 342BC 5 Jan 317BC 12 Jan 290BC 8 Feb 215BC Hosohime
8 Kogen 孝元 Korei Hosohime 273BC 1 Jan 255BC 14 Jan 214BC 2 Sept 158BC Utsushikome
9 Kaika 開化 Kogen Utsushikome 208BC 14 Jan 193BC 12 Nov 158BC 5 Dec 98BC Ikashikome
10 Sujin 崇神 Kaika Ikashikome 148BC 5 Jan 130BC 13 Jan 97BC 5 Dec 30BC Mimakihime
11 Suinin 垂仁 Sujin Mimakihime 1 Jan 69BC 19 Apr 50BC 2 Jan 29BC 14 Jul 70 Sahohime
Hibasuhime
12 Keiko 景行 Suinin Hibasuhime 13BC 1 Jan 8 11 Jul 71 7 Nov 130 Harimanoinabinooiratsume
Yasakairihime
13 Seimu 成務 Keiko Yasakairihime 84 4 Aug 121 5 Jan 131 11 Jun 190
14 Chuai 仲哀 Pr. Takeru Futajiirihime 149 1 Mar 178 11 Jan 192 6 Feb 200 Okinaga-tarashi-hime
15 Ojin 應神 Chuai Empress Jingu 14 Dec 200 3 Jan 203 1 Jan 270 15 Feb 310 Nakatsuhime
16 Nintoku 仁德 Ojin Nakatsuhime 290 3 Jan 313 16 Jan 399 Iwanohime
Princess Yata
17 Richu 履中 Nintoku Iwanohime 339 15 Jan 343 1 Feb 400 15 Mar 405 Princess Kusakanohatabi
18 Hanzei 反正 Nintoku Iwanohime 352 4 Jan 401 2 Jan 406 23 Jan 410
19 Ingyo 允恭 Nintoku Iwanohime 374 Dec 412 14 Jan 453 Oshisakanoonakatsuhime
20 Anko 安康 Ingyo Oshisaka Onakatsuhime 401 14 Dec 453 9 Aug 456 Nakashihime
21 Yuryaku 雄略 Ingyo Oshisaka Onakatsuhime 418 13 Nov 456 7 Aug 479 Princess Kusakanohatabihime
22 Seinei 清寧 Yuryaku Karahime 444 1 Jan 478 15 Jan 480 16 Jan 484
23 Kenzo 顯宗 Pr. Ichinohe Ebisuhime 450 1 Jan 485 25 Apr 487 Naniwanoono
24 Ninken 仁賢 Pr. Ichinohe Ebisuhime 449 7 Apr 482 5 Jan 488 8 Aug 498 Kasuganooiratsume
25 Buretsu 武烈 Ninken Kasuga Oiratsume 489 3 Jan 494 Dec 498 8 Dec 506 Kasuganoiratsuko
26 Keitai 繼軆 Pr. Hikonushi Furihime 450 4 Feb 507 7 Feb 531 Princess Tashiraka
27 Ankan 安閑 Keitai Mekohime 466 8 Dec 513 7 Feb 531 17 Dec 535 Princess Kasuganoyamada
28 Senka 宣化 Keitai Mekohime 467 Dec 535 10 Feb 539 Princess Tachibananonakatsu
29 Kimmei 欽明 Keitai Tashirakahime 509 5 Dec 539 15 Apr 571 Princess Ishihime
30 Bidatsu 敏達 Kimmei Ishihime 538 7 Jan 554 3 Apr 572 15 Aug 585 Hirohime
Empress Suiko
31 Yomei 用明 Toyohi Kimmei Soga no Kitashihime 540 5 Sept 585 9 Apr 587 Princess Anahobenohashihito
32 Sushun 崇峻 Hassebe Kimmei Soga no Oanegimi ? 2 Aug 587 3 Nov 592
33 Suiko 推古 Nukatabe Kimmei Soga no Kitashihime 554 8 Dec 592 7 Mar 628 female
34 Jomei 舒明 Tamura Pr. Hikohito Nukatehime 593 4 Jan 629 9 Oct 641 Empress Kogyoku
35 Kogyoku 皇極 Takara Pr. Chinu Kibihime 594 15 Jan 642 14 Jun 645 (24 Jul 661) female
36 Kotoku 孝德 Karu Pr. Chinu Kibihime 596 14 Jun 645 10 Oct 654 Princess Hashihito
37 Saimei 齊明 second reign of Empress Kogyoku 3 Jan 655 24 Jul 661 female
38 Tenji 天智 Naka Jomei Empress Kogyoku 626 14 Jun 645 3 Jan 668 3 Dec 671 Yamatohime
39 Kobun 弘文 Otomo Tenji Iga no Yakako 648 Oct 671 5 Dec 671 23 Jul 672
40 Temu 天武 Oama Jomei Empress Kogyoku ? 23 Feb 668 27 Feb 673 9 Sept 686 Empress Jito
41 Jito 持統 Sarara Tenji Soga no Ochiiratsume 645 1 Jan 690 1 Aug 697 22 Dec 702 female
42 Monmu 文武 Karu Pr. Kusakabe Empress Genmei 683 16 Feb 697 1 Aug 697 15 Jun 707
43 Genmei 元明 Abe Tenji Soga no Meiiratsume 661 24 Jun 707 17 Jul 707 2 Sept 715 7 Dec 721 female
44 Gensho 元正 Hidaka Pr. Kusakabe Empress Genmei 680 2 Sept 715 4 Feb 724 21 Apr 748 female
45 Shomu 聖武 Obito Monmu Fujiwara no Kyushi 701 25 Jun 714 4 Feb 724 2 Jul 749 2 May 756 Fujiwara no Asukabe
46 Koken 孝謙 Abe Shomu Fujiwara no Komyoshi 718 13 Jan 739 2 Jul 749 1 Aug 758 (4 Aug 770) female
47 Junnin 淳仁 Oi Pr. Toneri Tagima no Yamashiro 733 4 Apr 757 1 Aug 758 9 Oct 764 23 Oct 765
48 Shotoku 稱德 second reign of Empress Koken 9 Oct 764 4 Aug 770
49 Konin 光仁 Shirakabe Pr. Shiki Ki no Katahime 13 Oct 709 4 Aug 770 4 Aug 770 1 Oct 770 3 Apr 781 23 Dec 781 Princess Inoe
50 Kanmu 桓武 Yamanobe Konin Takano no Niigasa 737 2 Jan 773 3 Apr 781 15 Apr 781 17 Mar 806 Fujiwara no Otomuro
51 Heizei 平城 Ate Kanmu Fujiwara no Otomuro 15 Aug 774 25 Nov 785 17 Mar 806 18 May 806 1 Apr 809 7 Jul 824 Fujiwara no Tarashiko
52 Saga 嵯峨 Kamino Kanmu Fujiwara no Otomuro 7 Sept 786 19 May 806 1 Apr 809 13 Apr 809 16 Apr 823 15 Jul 842 Tachibana Kachiko
53 Junna 淳和 Otomo Kanmu Fujiwara no Tabiko 786 13 Sept 810 16 Apr 823 27 Apr 823 28 Feb 833 8 May 840 Princess Koshi
Princess Masako
54 Ninmyo 仁明 Masara Saga Tachibana no Kachiko 810 18 Apr 823 28 Feb 833 6 Mar 833 21 Mar 850
55 Montoku 文德 Michiyasu Ninmyo Fujiwara no Junshi August 827 4 Aug 842 21 Mar 850 17 Apr 850 27 Aug 858
56 Seiwa 清和 Korehito Montoku Fujiwara no Akirako 25 Mar 850 25 Nov 850 27 Aug 858 7 Nov 858 29 Nov 876 4 Dec 880
57 Yozei 陽成 Sadaakira Seiwa Fujiwara no Takaiko 16 Dec 868 1 Feb 869 29 Nov 876 3 Jan 877 4 Feb 884 29 Sept 949
58 Koko 光孝 Tokiyasu Ninmyo Fujiwara no Sawako 830 4 Feb 884 23 Feb 884 26 Aug 887
59 Uda 宇多 Sadami Koko Princess Hanshi 5 May 867 26 Aug 887 26 Aug 887 17 Nov 887 3 Jul 897 19 Jul 931
60 Daigo 醍醐 Atsugimi Uda Fujiwara no Taneko 18 Jan 885 2 Apr 893 3 Jul 897 13 Jul 897 22 Sept 930 29 Sept 930 Fujiwara no Onshi
61 Suzaku 朱雀 Yutaakira Daigo Fujiwara no Inshi 24 Jul 923 21 Oct 925 22 Sept 930 21 Nov 930 20 Apr 946 15 Aug 952
62 Murakami 村上 Nariakira Daigo Fujiwara no Inshi 2 Jun 926 22 Apr 944 20 Apr 946 28 Apr 946 25 May 967 Fujiwara no Anshi
63 Reizei 冷泉 Norihira Murakami Fujiwara no Anshi 24 May 950 23 Jul 950 25 May 967 11 Oct 967 13 Aug 969 24 Oct 1011 Princess Shohi
64 Enyu 圓融 Morihira Murakami Fujiwara no Anshi 2 Mar 959 1 Sept 967 13 Aug 969 23 Sept 969 27 Aug 984 12 Feb 991 Fujiwara no Koshi
Fujiwara no Shunshi
65 Kazan 花山 Morosada Reizei Fujiwara no Kaishi 26 Oct 968 13 Aug 969 27 Aug 984 10 Oct 984 23 Jul 986 8 Feb 1008
66 Ichijo 一條 Yasuhito Enyu Fujiwara no Senshi 1 Jun 980 27 Aug 984 23 Jun 986 22 Jul 986 13 Jun 1011 22 Jun 1011 Fujiwara no Tesihi
Fujiwara no Shoshi
67 Sanjo 三條 Okisada Reizei Fujiwara no Choshi 3 Jan 976 16 Jul 986 13 Jun 1011 16 Oct 1011 29 Jan 1016 9 May 1017 Fujiwara no Kenshi
Fujiwara no Seishi
68 Goichijo 後一條 Atsuhira Ichijo Fujiwara no Shoshi 11 Sept 1008 13 Jun 1011 29 Jan 1016 7 Feb 1016 17 Apr 1036 17 Apr 1036 Fujiwara no Ishi
69 Gosuzaku 後朱雀 Atsunaga Ichijo Fujiwara no Shoshi 25 Nov 1009 9 Aug 1017 17 Apr 1036 10 Jul 1036 16 Jan 1045 18 Jan 1045 Princess Teishi
Fujiwara no Genshi
70 Goreizei 後冷泉 Chikahito Gosuzaku Fujiwara no Kishi 3 Aug 1025 17 Aug 1037 16 Jan 1045 8 Apr 1045 19 Apr 1068 Princess Shoshi
Fujiwara no Kanshi
Fujiwara no Kanshi
71 Gosanjo 後三條 Takahito Gosuzaku Princess Teishi 18 Jul 1034 16 Jan 1045 19 Apr 1068 21 Jul 1068 8 Dec 1072 7 May 1073 Princess Keishi
72 Shirakawa 白河 Sadahito Gosanjo Fujiwara no Moshi 19 Jun 1053 28 Apr 1069 8 Dec 1072 29 Dec 1072 26 Nov 1086 7 Jul 1129 Fujiwara no Kenshi
73 Horikawa 堀河 Taruhito Shirakawa Fujiwara no Kenshi 9 Jul 1079 26 Nov 1086 26 Nov 1086 19 Dec 1086 19 Jul 1107 Princess Tokushi
74 Toba 鳥羽 Munehito Horikawa Fujiwara no Ishi 16 Jan 1103 17 Aug 1103 19 Jul 1107 1 Dec 1107 28 Jan 1123 2 Jul 1156 Fujiwara no Shoshi
Fujiwara no Taishi
Fujiwara no Nariko
75 Sutoku 崇德 Akihito Toba Fujiwara no Shoshi 28 May 1119 28 Jan 1123 28 Jan 1123 19 Feb 1123 7 Dec 1141 26 Aug 1164 Fujiwara no Seishi
76 Konoe 近衞 Narihito Toba Fujiwara no Nariko 18 May 1139 17 Aug 1139 7 Dec 1141 27 Dec 1141 23 Jul 1155 Fujiwara no Masaruko
Fujiwara no Teishi
77 Goshirakawa 後白河 Masahito Toba Fujiwara no Shoshi 11 Sept 1127 24 Jul 1155 26 Oct 1155 11 Aug 1158 13 Mar 1192 Fujiwara no Kinshi
78 Nijo 二條 Morihito Goshirakawa Minamoto no Ishi 18 Jun 1143 23 Sept 1155 11 Aug 1158 20 Dec 1158 25 Jun 1165 28 Jul 1165 Princess Shushi
Fujiwara no Ikushi
79 Rokujo 六條 Nobuhito Nijo Fujiwara no Ikushi 14 Nov 1164 25 Jun 1165 27 Jul 1165 19 Feb 1168 17 Jul 1176
80 Takakura 高倉 Norihito Goshirakawa Taira no Jishi 3 Sept 1161 10 Oct 1166 19 Feb 1168 20 Mar 1168 21 Feb 1180 14 Jan 1181 Taira no Tokushi
81 Antoku 安德 Tokihito Takakura Taira no Tokushi 12 Nov 1178 15 Dec 1178 21 Feb 1180 22 Apr 1180 24 Mar 1185 died in exile
82 Gotoba 後鳥羽 Takahira Takakura Fujiwara no Shokushi 14 Jul 1180 20 Aug 1183 20 Aug 1183 28 Jul 1184 11 Jan 1198 22 Feb 1239 Kujo Ninshi
83 Tsuchimikado 土御門 Tamehito Gotoba Minamoto no Zaishi 1 Nov 1195 11 Jan 1198 11 Jan 1198 3 Mar 1198 25 Nov 1210 11 Oct 1231 Oimikado Reishi
84 Juntoku 順德 Morinari Gotoba Fujiwara no Choshi 10 Sept 1197 15 Apr 1200 25 Nov 1210 28 Dec 1210 20 Apr 1221 12 Sept 1242 Kujo Risshi
85 Chukyo 仲恭 Kanenari Juntoku Fujiwara no Risshi 10 Oct 1218 26 Nov 1218 20 Apr 1221 9 Jul 1221 6 Aug 1234
86 Gohorikawa 後堀河 Yutahito Pr. Morisada Fujiwara no Chinshi 18 Feb 1212 9 Jul 1221 1 Dec 1221 4 Oct 1232 20 May 1234 Sanjo Yushi
Konoe Nagako
Kujo Shunshi
87 Shijo 四條 Mitsuhito Gohorikawa Fujiwara no Sonshi 12 Feb 1231 28 Oct 1231 4 Oct 1232 5 Dec 1232 9 Jan 1242
88 Gosaga 後嵯峨 Kunihito Tsuchimikado Minamoto Michiko 26 Feb 1220 20 Jan 1242 18 Mar 1242 29 Jan 1246 17 Feb 1272 Saionji Kisshi
89 Gofukakusa 後深草 Hisashito Gosaga Saionji Kisshi 10 Jun 1243 10 Aug 1243 29 Jan 1246 11 Mar 1246 26 Nov 1259 16 Jul 1304 Saionji Kimiko
90 Kameyama 龜山 Tsunehito Gosaga Saionji Kisshi 27 May 1249 7 Aug 1258 26 Nov 1259 28 Dec 1259 26 Jan 1274 15 Sept 1305 Toin Kisshi
Saionji Kishi
91 Gouda 後宇多 Yohito Kameyama Toin Kisshi 1 Dec 1267 25 Aug 1268 26 Jan 1274 26 Mar 1274 21 Oct 1287 25 Jun 1324
92 Fushimi 伏見 Hirohito Gofukakusa Fujiwara no Shakushi 23 Apr 1265 5 Nov 1277 21 Oct 1287 11 Mar 1288 22 Jul 1298 3 Sept 1317 Saionji Shoshi
93 Gofushimi 後伏見 Tanehito Fushimi Fujiwara Tsuneko 3 Mar 1288 25 Apr 1289 22 Jul 1298 13 Oct 1298 21 Jan 1301 6 Apr 1336
94 Gonijo 後二條 Kuniharu Gouda Minamoto Motoko 2 Feb 1285 10 Aug 1298 21 Jan 1301 25 Aug 1308 Tokudaiji Kinshi
95 Hanazono 花園 Tomihito Fushimi Fujiwara Sueko 25 Jul 1297 24 Aug 1301 26 Aug 1308 16 Nov 1308 26 Feb 1318 11 Nov 1348
96 Godaigo 後醍醐 Takaharu Gouda Itsutsuji Chushi 2 Nov 1288 19 Sept 1308 26 Feb 1318
25 May 1333
29 Mar 1318 6 Oct 1331
15 Aug 1339
16 Aug 1339 Saionji Kishi
Princess Junshi
97 Gomurakami 後村上 Yoshinaga Godaigo Ano Renshi 1328 March 1339 15 Aug 1339 11 Mar 1368
98 Chokei 長慶 Yutanari Gomurakami Abbey of Kaki-mon 1343 ? March 1368 1383 1 Aug 1394
99 Gokameyama 後龜山 Hironari Gomurakami Abbey of Kaki-mon ? ? 1368 1383 5 leap Oct 1392 12 Apr 1424
n1 Kogon 光厳 Kazuhito Gofushimi Saionji Neishi 9 Jul 1313 24 Jul 1326 20 Sept 1331 28 Dec 1332 25 May 1333 7 Jul 1364
n2 Komyo 光明 Yutahiro Gofushimi Saionji Neishi 23 Dec 1321 15 Aug 1336 28 Dec 1337 27 Oct 1348 24 Jun 1380
n3 Suko 崇光 Okihito Kogon Ogimachisanjo Hideko 22 Apr 1334 13 Aug 1338 27 Oct 1348 26 Dec 1349 7 Nov 1351 13 Jan 1398
n4 Gokogon 後光厳 Iyahito Kogon Ogimachisanjo Hideko 2 Mar 1338 17 Aug 1352 27 Dec 1353 23 Mar 1371 29 Jan 1374
n5 Goenyu 後圓融 Ohito Gokogon Hirohashi Chushi 12 Dec 1358 23 Mar 1371 28 Dec 1374 11 Apr 1382 26 Apr 1393
100 Gokomatsu 後小松 Motohito Goenyu Sanjo Takako 26 Jun 1377 11 Apr 1382 28 Dec 1382 29 Aug 1412 20 Oct 1433
101 Shoko 稱光 Mihito Gokomatsu Hinonishi Sukeko 29 Mar 1401 29 Aug 1412 19 Dec 1414 20 Jul 1428
102 Gohanazono 後花園 Hikohito Pr. Sadafusa Niwata Yukiko 18 Jun 1419 28 Jul 1428 27 Dec 1429 19 Jul 1464 27 Dec 1470
103 Gotsuchimikado 後土御門 Fusahito Gohanazono Oimikado Nobuko 25 May 1442 19 Jul 1464 27 Dec 1465 28 Sept 1500
104 Gokashiwabara 後柏原 Katsuhito Gotsuchimikado Niwata Asako 20 Oct 1464 25 Oct 1500 22 Mar 1521 7 Apr 1526
105 Gonara 後奈良 Tomohito Gokashiwabara Kajuji Fujiko 23 Dec 1496 29 Apr 1526 26 Feb 1536 5 Sept 1557
106 Ogimachi 正親町 Michihito Gonara Madenokoji Eiko 29 May 1517 27 Oct 1557 27 Jan 1560 7 Nov 1586 5 Jan 1593
107 Goyozei 後陽成 Katahito Pr. Sanehito Kajuji Haruko 15 Dec 1571 7 Nov 1586 25 Nov 1586 27 Mar 1611 26 Aug 1617
108 Gomizunoo 後水尾 Kotohito Goyozei Konoe Sakiko 4 Jun 1596 27 Mar 1611 12 Apr 1611 8 Nov 1629 19 Aug 1680 Tokugawa Masako
109 Meisho 明正 Okiko Gomizunoo Tokugawa Masako 19 Nov 1623 8 Nov 1629 12 Sept 1630 3 Oct 1643 10 Nov 1696 female
110 Gokomyo 後光明 Tsuguhito Gomizunoo Sono Mitsuko 12 Mar 1633 3 Oct 1643 3 Oct 1643 21 Oct 1643 20 Sept 1654
111 Gosai 後西 Nagahito Gomizunoo Kushige Takako 16 Nov 1637 28 Nov 1654 23 Jan 1656 26 Jan 1663 22 Feb 1685
112 Reigen 靈元 Satohito Gomizunoo Sono Kuniko 25 May 1654 26 Jan 1663 27 Apr 1663 21 Mar 1687 6 Aug 1732 Takatsukasa Fusako
113 Higashiyama 東山 Asahito Reigen Matsunoki Muneko 3 Sept 1675 9 Feb 1683 21 Mar 1687 28 Apr 1687 21 Jun 1709 17 Dec 1709 Princess Yukiko
114 Nakamikado 中御門 Yasuhito Higashiyama Kushige Yoshiko 17 Dec 1701 16 Feb 1708 21 Jun 1709 11 Nov 1710 21 Mar 1735 11 Apr 1737
115 Sakuramachi 櫻町 Teruhito Nakamikado Konoe Hisako 1 Jan 1720 11 Jun 1728 21 Mar 1735 3 Nov 1735 2 May 1747 23 Apr 1750
116 Momozono 桃園 Toohito Sakuramachi Anegakoji Sadako 29 Feb 1741 16 Mar 1747 2 May 1747 21 Sept 1747 12 Jul 1762
117 Gosakuramachi 後櫻町 Toshiko Sakuramachi Nijo Ieko 3 Aug 1740 27 Jul 1762 27 Nov 1763 24 Nov 1770 2 leap Nov 1813 female
118 Gomomozono 後桃園 Hidehito Momozono Ichijo Tomiko 2 Jul 1758 19 Feb 1768 24 Nov 1770 28 Apr 1771 29 Oct 1779
119 Kokaku 光格 Tomohito Pr. Sukehito Oe Iwashiro 15 Aug 1771 25 Nov 1779 4 Dec 1780 22 Mar 1817 19 Nov 1840 Princess Yoshiko
120 Ninko 仁孝 Ayahito Kokaku Takatsukasa Yasuko 21 Feb 1800 24 Mar 1809 22 Mar 1817 21 Sept 1817 26 Jan 1846
121 Komei 孝明 Osahito Ninko Ogimachi Masako 14 Jun 1831 14 Mar 1840 13 Feb 1846 23 Sept 1847 25 Dec 1866
122 Meiji 明治 Mutsuhito Komei Nakayama Yoshiko 22 Sept 1852 9 Jan 1867 27 Aug 1868 30 Jul 1912 Ichijo Haruko
123 Taisho 大正 Yoshihito Meiji Yanagiwara Naruko 31 Aug 1879 3 Nov 1889 30 Jul 1912 10 Nov 1915 25 Dec 1926 Kujo Setsuko
124 Showa 昭和 Hirohito Taisho Empress Teimei 29 Apr 1901 3 Nov 1916 25 Dec 1926 10 Nov 1928 7 Jan 1989 Nagako of Kuni
125 Akihito Showa Empress Kojun 23 Dec 1933 10 Nov 1952 7 Jan 1989 12 Nov 1990 30 Apr 2019 Shoda Michiko
126 Naruhito Akihito Empress Michiko 23 Feb 1960 23 Feb 1991 1 May 2019 Owada Masako

titular emperors

regnum name personal name father mother birth crown prince death title presented note
Emperor Okamiya 岡宮 Kusakabe Emperor Tenmu Empress Jito 662 25 Feb 681 13 Apr 689 9 Aug 758 posthumous
Emperor Sudo-Jinkei 崇道盡敬 Toneri Emperor Tenmu Princess Niitabe 676 14 Nov 735 16 Jun 759 posthumous
Emperor Kasugamiya 春日宮 Shiki Emperor Tenmu 11 Aug 716 6 Nov 770 posthumous
Emperor Sudo 崇道 Sawara Emperor Konin Takano no Niigasa 750 4 Apr 781 October 785 23 Jul 800 posthumous
Emperor Koichijo 小一條 Atsuakira Emperor Sanjo 994 29 Jan 1016 8 Jan 1051 25 Aug 1017 retired emperor
Emperor Gotakakura 後高倉 Morisada Emperor Takakura 28 Feb 1179 14 May 1223 16 Aug 1221 retired emperor
Emperor Gosuko 後崇光 Sadafusa Prince Yoshihito 25 Mar 1372 29 Aug 1456 27 Nov 1447 retired emperor
Emperor Yoko 陽光 Sanehito Emperor Ogimachi 23 Apr 1552 24 Jul 1586 November 1586 retired emperor (posthumous)
Emperor Kyoko 慶光 Sukehito Prince Naohito 1733 6 Jul 1794 19 Mar 1884 retired emperor (posthumous)

crown princes without throne

personal name regnum name heir to father mother birth crown prince removed death note
Kinashikaru Ingyo Emperor Ingyo 433 June 435
Kusakabe Emperor Okamiya Tenmu Emperor Tenmu Empress Jito 662 25 Feb 681 13 Apr 689
unknown (or Motoi) Shomu Emperor Shomu 29 leap Sept 727 2 Nov 727 13 Sept 728
Funado Koken Prince Niitabe 2 May 756 29 Mar 757 July 757
Osado Konin Emperor Konin Princess Inoe 23 Jan 771 27 May 772 27 Apr 775
Sawara Emperor Sudo Kanmu Emperor Konin Takano no Niigasa 750 4 Apr 781 28 Sept 785 October 785
Takaoka Saga Emperor Heizei 13 Apr 809 12 Sept 810 881
Tsunesada Ninmyo Emperor Junna 825 30 Feb 833 24 Jul 842 20 Sept 884
Yasuakira Daigo Emperor Daigo 20 Nov 903 10 Feb 904 21 Mar 923
Yoshiyori Daigo Prince Yasuakira 921 29 Apr 923 19 Jun 925
Atsuakira Emperor Koichijo Goichijo Emperor Sanjo 994 29 Jan 1016 9 Aug 1017 8 Jan 1051
Sanehito Shirakawa Emperor Gosanjo 10 Feb 1071 7 May 1073 8 Nov 1085
Kuninaga Godaigo Emperor Gonijo 1300 9 Mar 1318 20 Mar 1326
Yasuhito Godaigo Prince Kuninaga 1320 8 Nov 1331 25 May 1333 29 Apr 1355
Tsunenaga Godaigo Emperor Godaigo (Japan) 1325 23 Jan 1334 13 Apr 1338 Southern Court
Narinaga Komyo Emperor Godaigo 1326 14 Nov 1336 December 1336 6 Jan 1344
Naohito Suko Emperor Hanazono 1335 27 Oct 1348 7 Nov 1351 May 1398
Yasunari Gokameyama Emperor Gomurakami 1383 5 leap Oct 1392 Southern Court

family tree

Ammaterasu
+- Amenooshiho
   +- Ninigi
      +- Fukiaezu
         +- 1. Jinmu
            +- 2. Suizei
               +- 3. Annei
                  +- 4. Itoku
                     +- 5. Kosho
                        +- 6. Koan
                           +- 7. Korei
                              +- 8. Kogen
                                 +- 9. Kaika
                                    +- 10. Sujin
                                       +- 11. Suinin
                                          +- 12. Keiko
                                             +- Takeru
                                             |  +- 14. Chuai
                                             |     +- 15. Ojin
                                             |        +- 16. Nintoku
                                             |        |  +- 17. Richu
                                             |        |  |  +- Oshiwa
                                             |        |  |     +- 24. Ninken
                                             |        |  |     |  +- 25. Buretsu
                                             |        |  |     +- 23. Kenzo
                                             |        |  +- 18. Hanzei
                                             |        |  +- 19. Ingyo
                                             |        |     +- Kinashikaru
                                             |        |     +- 20. Anko
                                             |        |     +- 21. Yuryaku
                                             |        |        +- 22. Seinei
                                             |        +- Wakanuke
                                             |           +- Oodo
                                             |              +- Uhi
                                             |                 +- Hikonushi
                                             |                    +- 26. Keitai
                                             |                       +- 27. Ankan
                                             |                       +- 28. Senka
                                             |                       +- 29. Kimmei
                                             |                          +- 30. Bidatsu = 33. Suiko
                                             |                          |  +- Hikohito
                                             |                          |     +- 34. Jomei = 35. Kogyoku / 37. Saimei
                                             |                          |     |  +- 38. Tenji
                                             |                          |     |  |  +- 41. Jito
                                             |                          |     |  |  +- 43. Genmei
                                             |                          |     |  |  +- 39. Kobun
                                             |                          |     |  |  +- Shiki
                                             |                          |     |  |     +- 49. Konin
                                             |                          |     |  |        +- ...
                                             |                          |     |  +- 40. Tenmu = 41. Jito
                                             |                          |     |     +- Kusakabe = 43. Genmei
                                             |                          |     |     |  +- 44. Gensho
                                             |                          |     |     |  +- 42. Monmu
                                             |                          |     |     |     +- 45. Shomu
                                             |                          |     |     |        +- 46. Koken / 48. Shotoku
                                             |                          |     |     |        +- Motoi
                                             |                          |     |     +- Toneri
                                             |                          |     |     |  +- 47. Junnin
                                             |                          |     |     +- Niitabe
                                             |                          |     |        +- Funado
                                             |                          |     +- Chinu
                                             |                          |        +- 35. Kogyoku / 37. Saimei
                                             |                          |        +- 36. Kotoku
                                             |                          +- 31. Yomei
                                             |                          |  +- Umayado
                                             |                          +- 33. Suiko
                                             |                          +- 32. Sushun
                                             +- 13. Seimu
+- 38. Tenji
   +- 41. Jito
   +- 43. Genmei
   +- 39. Kobun
   +- Shiki
      +- 49. Konin
         +- 50. Kanmu
         |  +- 51. Heizei
         |  |  +- Takaoka
         |  +- 52. Saga
         |  |  +- 54. Ninmyo
         |  |     +- 55. Montoku
         |  |     |  +- 56. Seiwa
         |  |     |     +- 57. Yozei
         |  |     +- 58. Koko
         |  |        +- 59. Uda
         |  |           +- 60. Daigo
         |  |              +- Yasuakira
         |  |              |  +- Yoshiyori
         |  |              +- 61. Suzaku
         |  |              +- 62. Murakami
         |  |                 +- 63. Reizei
         |  |                 |  +- 65. Kazan
         |  |                 |  +- 67. Sanjo
         |  |                 |     +- Atsuakira
         |  |                 +- 64. Enyu
         |  |                    +- 66. Ichijo
         |  |                       +- 68. Goichijo
         |  |                       +- 69. Gosuzaku
         |  |                          +- 70. Goreizei
         |  |                          +- 71. Gosanjo
         |  |                             +- 72. Shirakawa
         |  |                             |  +- 73. Horikawa
         |  |                             |     +- 74. Toba
         |  |                             |        +- 75. Sutoku
         |  |                             |        +- 77. Goshirakawa
         |  |                             |        |  +- 78. Nijo
         |  |                             |        |  |  +- 79. Rokujo
         |  |                             |        |  +- 80. Takakura
         |  |                             |        |     +- 81. Antoku
         |  |                             |        |     +- Morisada
         |  |                             |        |     |  +- 86. Gohorikawa
         |  |                             |        |     |     +- 87. Shijo
         |  |                             |        |     +- 82. Gotoba
         |  |                             |        |        +- 83. Tsuchimikado
         |  |                             |        |        |  +- 88. Gosaga
         |  |                             |        |        |     +- Munetaka
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  +- Koreyasu
         |  |                             |        |        |     +- 89. Gofukakusa
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  +- 92. Fushimi
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  +- 93. Gofushimi
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  +- n1. Kogon
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  |  +- n3. Suko
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  |  |  +- Yoshihito
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  |  |     +- Sadafusa
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  |  |        +- 102. Gohanazono
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  |  |           +- ...
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  |  +- n4. Gokogon
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  |     +- n5. Goenyu
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  |        +- 100. Gokomatsu
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  |           +- 101. Shoko
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  |  +- n2. Komyo
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |  +- 95. Hanazono
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  |     +- Naohito
         |  |                             |        |        |     |  +- Hisaakira
         |  |                             |        |        |     |     +- Morikuni
         |  |                             |        |        |     +- 90. Kameyama
         |  |                             |        |        |        +- 91. Gouda
         |  |                             |        |        |           +- 94. Gonijo
         |  |                             |        |        |           |  +- Kuninaga
         |  |                             |        |        |           |     +- Yasuhito
         |  |                             |        |        |           +- 96. Godaigo
         |  |                             |        |        |              +- Tsunenaga
         |  |                             |        |        |              +- Narinaga
         |  |                             |        |        |              +- 97. Gomurakami
         |  |                             |        |        |                 +- 98. Chokei
         |  |                             |        |        |                 +- 99. Gokameyama
         |  |                             |        |        |                 +- Yasunari
         |  |                             |        |        +- 84. Juntoku
         |  |                             |        |           +- 85. Chukyo
         |  |                             |        +- 76. Konoe
         |  |                             +- Sanehito
         |  +- 53. Junna
         |    +- Tsunesada
         +- Sawara
         +- Osado
+- 92. Fushimi
   +- 93. Gofushimi
      +- n1. Kogon
      |  +- n3. Suko
      |  |  +- Yoshihito
      |  |     +- Sadafusa
      |  |        +- 102. Gohanazono
      |  |           +- 103. Gotsuchimikado
      |  |              +- 104. Gokashiwabara
      |  |                 +- 105. Gonara
      |  |                    +- 106. Ogimachi
      |  |                       +- Sanehito
      |  |                          +- 107. Goyozei
      |  |                             +- 108. Gomizunoo
      |  |                                +- 109. Meisho
      |  |                                +- 110. Gokomyo
      |  |                                +- 111. Gosai
      |  |                                +- 112. Reigen
      |  |                                   +- 113. Higashiyama
      |  |                                      +- 114. Nakamikado
      |  |                                      |  +- 115. Sakuramachi
      |  |                                      |     +- 117. Gosakuramachi
      |  |                                      |     +- 116. Momozono
      |  |                                      |        +- 118. Gomomozono
      |  |                                      +- Naohito
      |  |                                         +- Sukehito
      |  |                                            +- 119. Kokaku
      |  |                                               +- 120. Ninko
      |  |                                                  +- 121. Komei
      |  |                                                     +- 122. Meiji
      |  |                                                        +- 123. Taisho
      |  |                                                           +- 124. Showa
      |  |                                                           |  +- 125. Akihito
      |  |                                                           |  |  +- 126. Naruhito
      |  |                                                           |  |  +- Fumihito
      |  |                                                           |  |     +- Hisahito
      |  |                                                           |  +- Masahito
      |  |                                                           +- Yasuhito
      |  |                                                           +- Nobuhito
      |  |                                                           +- Takahito
      |  |                                                              +- Tomohito
      |  |                                                              +- Yoshihito
      |  |                                                              +- Norihito
      |  +- n4. Gokogon
      |     +- n5. Goenyu
      |        +- 100. Gokomatsu
      |           +- 101. Shoko
      +- n2. Komyo

reference