Province (Japan)

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ProvinceKuni or Koku was administrative local unit in premodern Japan.

List of Provinces

road Province rank distance prefecture(s) nowadays note
Kinai 畿内 Yamashiro 山城 upper N/A Kyoto
Yamato 大和 large N/A Nara
Kawachi 河内 large N/A Osaka
Settsu 摂津 upper N/A Osaka, Hyogo
Izumi 和泉 lower N/A Osaka
Tokaido 東海道 Iga 伊賀 lower near Mie
Ise 伊勢 large near Mie
Shima 志摩 lower near Mie
Owari 尾張 upper near Aichi
Mikawa 三河 upper near Aichi
Totomi 遠江 upper medium Shizuoka
Suruga 駿河 upper medium Shizuoka
Kai 甲斐 upper medium Yamanashi
Izu 伊豆 lower medium Shizuoka, Tokyo
Sagami 相模 upper far Kanagawa
Musashi 武蔵 large far Kanagawa, Tokyo, Saitama
Awa 安房 middle far Chiba
Kazusa 上総 large far Chiba headed by Prince
Shimofusa 下総 large far Chiba, Ibaraki
Hitachi 常陸 large far Ibaraki headed by Prince
Tosando 東山道 Omi 近江 large near Shiga
Mino 美濃 upper near Gifu
Hida 飛騨 lower medium Gifu
Shinano 信濃 upper medium Nagano
Kozuke 上野 large far Gunma headed by Prince
Shimotsuke 下野 upper far Tochigi
Mutsu 陸奥 large far Fukushima, Miyagi, Iwate, Aomori, Akita
Dewa 出羽 upper far Yamagata, Akita
Hokurikodo 北陸道 Wakasa 若狭 middle near Fukui
Echizen 越前 large medium Fukui
Kaga 加賀 upper medium Ishikawa
Noto 能登 middle medium Ishikawa
Etchu 越中 upper medium Toyama
Echigo 越後 upper far Niigata
Sado 佐渡 middle far Niigata
Sanindo 山陰道 Tamba 丹波 upper near Kyoto, Hyogo
Tango 丹後 middle near Kyoto
Tajima 但馬 upper near Hyogo
Inaba 因幡 upper near Tottori
Hoki 伯耆 upper medium Tottori
Izumo 出雲 upper medium Shimane
Iwami 石見 middle far Shimane
Oki 隠岐 lower far Shimane
Sanyodo 山陽道 Harima 播磨 large near Hyogo
Bizen 備前 upper near Okayama
Mimasaka 美作 upper near Okayama
Bitchu 備中 upper medium Okayama
Bingo 備後 upper medium Hiroshima
Aki 安芸 upper far Hiroshima
Suwo 周防 upper far Yamaguchi
Nagato 長門 middle far Yamaguchi
Nankaido 南海道 Kii 紀伊 upper near Mie, Wakayama
Awaji 淡路 lower near Hyogo
Awa 阿波 upper medium Tokushima
Sanuki 讃岐 upper medium Kagawa
Iyo 伊予 upper far Ehime
Tosa 土佐 middle far Kochi
Saikaido 西海道 Buzen 豊前 upper far Fukuoka, Oita
Bungo 豊後 upper far Oita
Chikuzen 筑前 upper far Fukuoka
Chikugo 筑後 upper far Fukuoka
Iki 壱岐 lower far Nagasaki
Tsushima 対馬 lower far Nagasaki
Hizen 肥前 upper far Saga, Nagasaki
Higo 肥後 large far Kumamoto
Hyuga 日向 middle far Miyazaki
Osumi 大隅 middle far Kagoshima
Satsuma 薩摩 middle far Kagoshima